Bayburt is a small wonder, is located on the historical Erzurum – Trabzon Silk Road that connects Eastern Anatolia Region to the Black Sea Region. This small capital of the Turkish province of Bayburt is where time has stopped.
A strategic point on the famous `Silk Route`, Bayburt has been the rendezvous of the `East` and the `West` in the past. Visited by Marco Polo and the celebrated Turkish excursionist Evliya Çelebi, mentioned by Xenophan in his book, “Anabasis”- the city had always been in the eye of the world and is founded among the banks of Çoruh River and the history of the city extends to year BC 3000. It stands on both side of the Çoruh Nehri in the shadow of its great fortress, partly destroyed in 1829.
The main mosque, the Ulu Cami, was built in the 16th century.
Places to Visit ;
Aydıntepe Underground City is located in the Aydıntepe district of Bayburt. The city is composed of galleries carved in the rocks, chambers with pillars and more extensive areas, which are connected to these chambers. Only a small section of this underground city is open for visit.
The discovered findings are exhibited at the Erzurum Archeological Museum. Çiftetaş – II Hill is located at the Çiftetaş Village was assumed to be a natural formation but after the excavations executed in between 1993 – 1995 some ancient remains were found. These findings are exhibited at the Bayburt section of the Erzurum Archeological Museum.
Bayburt Castle is located on the north of city center and dates back to 2000 B.C. It is being renovated by Turkish Ministry of Culture and has footprints of Byzantine, Romans, Arabic and Komnenos dynasty. Dede Korkut Thomb is located around Masat Village.
Clock Tower and Korgan Bridge are located in Aksar District and were built in the Ottoman era. Ulu Camii (Grand Mosque) was built by Ghiyath ad-Din Mas’ud II, the ruler of the Sultanate of Rûm. In 1967 the mosque was restored. Ferahşat Bey Camii, Yakutiye Camii and Pulur Ferahsat Camii mosques are interesting to see. Sirakayalar Waterfalls is located in Sirakayalar village and offers a beautiful scene.